15 Questions to Ask Your Contractor Before Signing a Construction Contract
By Craig Schoenberg — owner of Schoenberg Construction, Inc of Saint Cloud MN, a Central Minnesota Builders Association (CMBA) & Builders Association of Minnesota (BAM) member.
So, you’ve met with a new contractor, and you’re eager to get the project rolling. Congratulations! But are you sure you’ve fully vetted your contractor and that you’re both on the same page regarding project expectations? Before you sign on that dotted line, ask your contractor the following questions to make sure there won’t be any unpleasant surprises down the road.
- What type of experience do you have?
When it comes to having work done on your home, you don’t want to mess around with a subpar contractor. Look for someone who can show you that he or she has serious experience in the construction industry.
- How much will the project cost?
Price is one of the first things you should discuss so that you can make sure the contractor and the project are both within your budget. An experienced professional can also help you scale down your ideas to something more reasonable if the costs are higher than you anticipated.
- Is this the final price? Could anything cause that to change?
Construction costs can sometimes fluctuate if the contractor begins working and finds something unexpected that requires additional work or materials. When you choose an experienced contractor, he or she should be very skilled at anticipating these types of problems before work begins—and he should be able to tell you ahead of time if there are areas where a problem could arise so that you can work some wiggle room into the budget.
- What exactly will I receive for this amount? Is there anything that isn’t included that I should be aware of or plan for?
Before signing a construction contract, you should receive a detailed list of expenses and plans for the project. Make sure you know exactly what you’re receiving for the money—including all labor charges and material costs.
- When will you complete the project? What happens if there are delays (due to weather, trouble sourcing materials, etc.)?
In addition to material and labor costs, your construction contract should also include a timeline and completion date. Ask your contractor if this timeline includes room for delays due to the weather or other unforeseeable issues—and if so, how these situations will be addressed.
- What type of guarantee do you put on your work?
A good contractor stands behind his or her work. Find out what types of guarantees or warranties your contractor offers before committing to a construction contract.
- What hours will you be working in my home each day?
Though the end results are worth it, you should go into your project knowing that construction can be a hectic, time-consuming, and stressful process. Find out when work will actually take place so that you know what to expect and so that you can make plans accordingly.
- Who will actually be performing the work on my home?
Many contractors work with their own teams as well as with trusted subcontractors. There may be a lot of people coming in and out of your home, and you have a right to know who they are. Find out who your contractor works with before finalizing your construction contract.
- Do you have all of the proper licenses and permits to work on my home? Do all of your subcontractors?
You should never work with a contractor who is not fully licensed and certified to perform construction work in your home. Ask your contractor to verify that they and all of their subcontractors have all of the necessary licenses and permits in place.
- Is there any portion of the construction process where I won’t have access to part or all of my home?
Many contractors will do everything they can to keep your house as livable as possible during the construction process, but there may be some times when you won’t have access to a particular room for several days. It’s best to find this out early so that you can make alternate plans in advance.
- What types of check-ins will we have during the project? Who will be responsible for coordinating my project?
Construction is a complex process, and it’s important to know who you should talk to if you have questions or want to know more about the status of the project. Ask your contractor what his or her communication process is like once work has begun.
- What happens if I’m not satisfied with part of the work?
A good contractor wants you to be satisfied with your home—so if a problem arises, she or he should be willing to work closely with you to solve it. Look for a contractor who will do what it takes to ensure your happiness.
- Do you prioritize cost, speed, or quality in your work?
Some contractors market themselves on how quickly or cheaply they can get work done, while others emphasize quality above all else. Choose a contractor whose approach aligns with what’s most important to you.
- Where can I see examples of your past work?
At the end of the day, a contractor’s work speaks for itself above all else. Ask your contractor where you can see photos or videos of her or his work—or if there are any model homes or commercial projects that you can visit to see an example in person.
- Do you have any references I can speak with?
Once you’ve seen the contractor’s work, it’s also a good idea to speak with past clients to learn more about what the process was like. Always ask for and speak with the contractor’s references before moving forward with your own project.
You may find some of these questions a little tough to ask, but it’s important to remember that you’re essentially conducting a job interview with the potential contractor to make sure that he will be a good fit for you. Make sure you find someone you can really trust (and someone who can get the job done well!) before committing yourself to a costly construction contract.
You made a good point when you said that you must choose a contractor that can show you that they are experienced in the construction industry. As you said, you must not deal with a subpar contractor. My husband and I are planning to have a single-family house constructed in one of our properties. We want it to have an area for a swimming pool and for our deck. I will be sure to do all your tips since this is an important project for us, and we are looking to hire the best contractor.
It was a very helpful advice when you said to make sure that your contractor is willing to fix any kinds of issues if you’re dissatisfied with the quality of work. I’m having my dream house built soon, and one of the things that I find most crucial is the water system. That being said, I’ll definitely hire an experienced contractor who offers a good wastewater design service.
Seems like reasonable advice. May need to get a copy of the contractor’s driver’s license signed to prevent impersonations. A ring security system would be handy, but perhaps that would be on the contractor.